Beginner friendly if listened to in order! For anyone interested in an educational podcast about philosophy where you don't need to be a graduate-level philosopher to understand it. In chronological order, the thinkers and ideas that forged the world we live in are broken down and explained.

Today we talk about Hegel and a unique possibility of what God could be. 

Direct download: Episode_076_..._Hegels_God.mp3
Category:Philosophy -- posted at: 9:43am PDT
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Today we answer listener questions clarifying How To Win An Argument Pt. 1 and discuss several other common logical fallacies, how to spot them and how to deal with them. 

Direct download: Episode_075_..._How_To_Win_An_Argument_Pt._2.mp3
Category:Philosophy -- posted at: 9:47pm PDT
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Today we talk about an overview of Hegel and what is truly important about his work. 

Direct download: 074_..._Hegel_Returns.mp3
Category:Philosophy -- posted at: 10:46pm PDT
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Today we take a look at several common logical fallacies and how to spot them in the throes of a passionate argument. You will be a better person having listened to this episode. 

Direct download: Episode_073_..._How_To_Win_An_Argument_Pt._1.mp3
Category:Philosophy -- posted at: 1:17am PDT
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On this episode of the podcast we talk about insecurity and why we think and act the way we do. 

Direct download: Episode_072_..._Insecurity.mp3
Category:Philosophy -- posted at: 11:50pm PDT
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Today we talk about whether killing animals for food is morally justifiable.

Direct download: 071_..._Killing_Animals_For_Food.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 11:56pm PDT
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On this episode we talk about the most profound thing you will ever hear in your life: how to quell negative emotions. 

 

Direct download: 070_..._Off_Moodiness.mp3
Category:Philosophy -- posted at: 9:58pm PDT
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Stephen West rambles relentlessly about stuff no one cares about. 

Direct download: An_Appeal_to_Reason.mp3
Category:Philosophy -- posted at: 9:29pm PDT
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On this episode we talk about one angle of the complex subject known to us all as: moodiness. 

Direct download: 068_..._On_Moodiness.mp3
Category:Philosophy -- posted at: 9:38pm PDT
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We continue our unfortunately abridged discussion on Hegel from last episode. 

Direct download: Episode_067_..._What_Hegel_Was_Saying.mp3
Category:Philosophy -- posted at: 11:31pm PDT
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Introduction of the philosophy of Hegel

Direct download: 066_..._Hegel_pt._1.mp3
Category:Philosophy -- posted at: 10:13pm PDT
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On this episode of the podcast, we discuss the feminist philosopher Mary Wollstonecraft. First, we learn about the unexpected origin of The Royal Humane Society and how they assisted Mary Wollstonecraft. Next, we learn about the many ways Wollstonecraft challenged societal conventions and why she believed that women were essentially slaves to their husbands during her time. Finally, we consider the behavioral conditioning that is perpetuated by society even today and think about how we enact change when we’re not satisfied with the results. All this and more on the latest episode of Philosophize This!

Direct download: 065_..._Mary_Wollstonecraft.mp3
Category:Philosophy -- posted at: 9:06pm PDT
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On this episode of the podcast, we discuss Hermeneutics, or “the art of avoiding misunderstanding.” First, we meet Johnny--a disgruntled Philosophize This! listener who is bored and frustrated by episodes about philosophers who make unverifiable speculations about metaphysics. Next, we discuss the effects our individual biases have on the way we interpret the world around us, and how this changes the reality we experience. Finally, we examine why Hermeneutics is so important, how this relates to Kant’s metaphysical claims, and why Johnny may want to consider giving those ideas a second glance. All this and more on the latest episode of Philosophize This!

Direct download: Episode_064_..._Interpreting_Interpretations.mp3
Category:Philosophy -- posted at: 3:15pm PDT
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On this episode of the podcast, we discuss Kant’s views on the limits of human knowledge. First, we ask ourselves why we seek knowledge at all and whether there will ever be an endpoint to our search for it. Next, we discuss our human experience of the world in contrast to the world as it actually exists and what limits this imposes on our ability to know. Finally, we learn why Kant believed in god, human souls, and free will, and the important distinction he made between two types of faith-based thinking. All this and more on the latest episode of Philosophize This!

Direct download: Episode_063_..._Kant_pt._8.mp3
Category:Philosophy -- posted at: 9:35pm PDT
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On this episode of the podcast, we discuss the morality of suicide. We begin by questioning our own biases and assumptions about suicide and where they come from. Next, we examine suicide from a Christian perspective by considering the arguments posed by St. Augustine and Thomas Aquinas. Finally, we discuss the perspectives of enlightenment thinkers Hume, Voltaire, and Kant and ultimately discover that suicide may not be as easy to categorize as many people think. All this and more on the latest episode of Philosophize This!

Direct download: Episode_062_..._Kant_pt._8.mp3
Category:Philosophy -- posted at: 9:46pm PDT
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On this episode of the podcast, we discuss Kant’s answer to the question “What is enlightenment?” We begin by recounting the story of how Kant came to answer this question in the first place and why this was an important question to consider at the time. Next, we examine why Kant believed that we impose immaturity on ourselves by outsourcing our thinking to others. Finally, we discuss why it takes courage to think for yourself and the importance of “daring to be wise." All this and more on the latest episode of Philosophize This!

Direct download: Episode_061_..._What_is_Enlightenment.mp3
Category:Philosophy -- posted at: 6:57am PDT
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On this episode of the podcast, we attempt to tackle the elusive concept of the sublime. We begin by clarifying everything the sublime is NOT, and then attempt to pin it down by considering a common motif that is has been associated with the sublime throughout history. Next, we discuss several anecdotes from people who have experienced the sublime and why one described it as “an agreeable kind of horror.” Finally, we discuss how the sublime relates to beauty and question some commonly made assumptions about ugliness. All this and more on the latest episode of Philosophize This!

Direct download: Episode_060_..._The_Sublime.mp3
Category:Philosophy -- posted at: 2:00am PDT
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On this episode of the podcast, we analyze the infamous Trolley Car Problem and think about it in relation to Kant’s categorical imperative. First, we discuss the value of thought experiments and call into question the concept of “common sense”. Next, we look at the Trolley Car Problem from various perspectives and try to understand why we react to it in the ways we do. Finally, we discuss Kant’s categorical imperative and four other prerequisites he felt were necessary for arriving at moral principles. All this and more on the latest episode of Philosophize This!

Direct download: Episode_059_..._Kant_pt._4_-_Categorical_Trolley_Cars.mp3
Category:Philosophy -- posted at: 9:31pm PDT
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On this episode of the podcast, we continue our discussion of Kant, this time focusing on ethics. We begin with a thought experiment that calls into question whether or not lying is morally justifiable if it results in preserving human life. Next, we discuss the nature of morality and question the validity of the sources from which we typically derive these concepts. Finally, we explore the strengths and weaknesses of Deontology and Consequentialism and find out that there isn’t an easy answer when it comes to how human action should be judged. All this and more on the latest episode of Philosophize This!

Direct download: Episode_058_..._Deontology_vs_Consequentialism.mp3
Category:Philosophy -- posted at: 11:53pm PDT
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On this episode of the podcast we continue our discussion of Kant, this time focusing on his contributions to the debate between rationalism and empiricism . We begin by reviewing the major points of contention between the rationalists and empiricists regarding how we arrive at knowledge. Next, we learn about Kant’s “eureka!” moment, which arose from his discovery of a major assumption made by empiricist David Hume. Finally, we find out why Kant believed that we can never truly know the external world as it actually is, an idea which calls into questions basic concepts like space, time, and causality and goes well beyond the “veil of perception” discussed in previous episodes. All this and more on the latest episode of Philosophize This!

Direct download: Episode_057_..._Kant_pt._2_-_The_Actual_Introduction.mp3
Category:Philosophy -- posted at: 3:32pm PDT
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On this episode of the podcast, we begin our discussion of Immanuel Kant. We first examine the historical context Kant was born into and consider the challenges philosophy was faced with, thanks to David Hume. We also discuss the change in the way humans were beginning to look at the universe during Kant’s time. Finally, we hear what Kant has to say about whether or not we can know anything beyond “I think, therefore I am.” All this and more on the latest episode of Philosophize This!

Direct download: Episode_056_..._Kant_pt._1_-_An_Introduction_to_the_Introduction.mp3
Category:Philosophy -- posted at: 11:05pm PDT
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On this episode of the podcast, Massimo Pigliucci calls in to help tie together some loose ends in our overview of David Hume. Massimo is a professor of philosophy at City University of New York. He is the author of the best sellers Philosophy of Pseudoscience and Answers For Aristotle, and is currently working on a book called How To Be A Stoic. 

Direct download: Episode_055_..._Interview_on_Hume_with_Massimo_Pigliucci.mp3
Category:Philosophy -- posted at: 7:54pm PDT
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On this episode of the podcast, we discuss Hume’s views on taste and find out whether or not all of our opinions about art are equally valid. First, we compare the poetry of Shakespeare and Shel Silverstein, the music of Beethoven and Skrillex, and throw in the profound prose of Spongebob Squarepants just for good measure. Next, we examine some of the biases that influence our ability to judge art, and Stephen correctly guesses your favorite song of all time by throwing a dart at the Top 40 chart from your senior year of high school. Finally, we learn how to be better art critics by employing the five qualities Hume sets out as pre-requisites for Art Appreciation 101. All this and more on the latest episode of Philosophize This!

Direct download: Episode_054_..._Hume_pt._4_-_Art.mp3
Category:Philosophy -- posted at: 4:35pm PDT
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On this episode of the podcast we talk about David Hume's thoughts on the soul, the self and how "custom is the great guide of human life." All this and more on the latest episode of Philosophize This!

Direct download: Episode_053_..._David_Hume_pt._3_-_Custom.mp3
Category:Philosophy -- posted at: 8:02pm PDT
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On this episode of the podcast, we continue our discussion of David Hume. This time, we focus on Hume's response to the Teleological Argument, which goes a little something like this: “Look at how perfectly everything works! All of this must have been designed by God.” We also learn about Hume’s view on miracles, and find out how unimpressed he is that Bruce Willis was the sole survivor of that train accident. All this and more on the latest episode of Philosophize This!

Direct download: Episode_052_..._David_Hume_pt._2_-_Design.mp3
Category:Philosophy -- posted at: 7:28pm PDT
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On this episode of the podcast, we take a break from the The Island to spend some time talking about Desmond Hume and how great he was at pushing that button in the hatch every 108 minutes. Just kidding… this episode is about David Hume! First, we learn about Hume’s ‘is’ versus ‘ought’ distinction and how not being mindful of this pitfall can lead us down a dangerous path. Next, we discuss the limitations of science and learn what Hume thought should fill in the gaps it leaves (spoiler alert: it’s not religion). Finally, we discuss Hume’s thoughts on causality and ensure that you’ll never think about playing pool the same way again. All this and more on the latest episode of Philosophize This!

Direct download: Episode_051_..._David_Hume_pt._1.mp3
Category:Philosophy -- posted at: 10:24pm PDT
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On this episode of the podcast, we discuss the contrasting political philosophies of Edmund Burke and Thomas Paine. First, we find out the origin of the terms “left” and “right” in relation to politics, and find out that the meanings of these terms are not as simple as they may first seem. Next, we discuss the opposing viewpoints of Edmund Burke and Thomas Paine on how society should progress and implement change. Finally, we think about how their ideas relate to modern issues and consider whether or not their positions are mutually exclusive. All this and more on the latest episode of Philosophize This!

Direct download: Episode_050_..._Are_You_Left_Or_Right.mp3
Category:Philosophy -- posted at: 7:42pm PDT
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On this episode of the podcast, we continue our discussion of Adam Smith. First, we look at two towns with the same name on opposite sides of the US-Mexico border, and consider why their residents have such markedly different standards of living. Next, we ask ourselves what determines a nation’s wealth, which leads us to a discussion of Mercantilism and its various pitfalls. Finally, we learn about Adam Smith’s response to Mercantilism and how his ideas relate back to the two cities from the beginning of the episode. All this and more on the latest episode of Philosophize This!

Direct download: Episode_049_..._Adam_Smith_pt.2.mp3
Category:Philosophy -- posted at: 8:21pm PDT
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On this episode of the podcast, we begin our discussion of Adam Smith and how specialization has enabled each of us to live like a king, whether we realize it or not. First, we find out why Stephen is that weird guy who sits alone in the bar smiling to himself. Next, we take a look at what an hour of work buys today versus 200 years ago, and consider how this changes our ideas about wealth. Finally, we find out how pursuing our own self-interests ultimately benefits society and allows us to accomplish more together. All this and more on the latest episode of Philosophize This!

Direct download: Episode_048_..._Adam_Smith_pt._1_-_Specialization.mp3
Category:Philosophy -- posted at: 4:45pm PDT
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On this episode of the podcast, we continue our desert island thought experiment, this time focusing on the general will of the people. First, we examine several interpretations of what "the general will of the people" actually means. Next, we take an in-depth look at Rousseau's interpretation, and discuss the difference between democratic and transcendental will. Finally, we explore the multitude of complications that arise when a government tries to enact the general will after it's (somewhat) agreed upon. All this and more on the latest episode of Philosophize This!

Direct download: Episode_047_..._Rousseau_pt._3_-_The_General_Will.mp3
Category:Philosophy -- posted at: 9:30pm PDT
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On this episode of the podcast, we continue last week's thought experiment about creating a society from scratch on a deserted island. First, we find out how building a society is similar to making cupcakes, in the sense that every ingredient contributes something important and interacts with the other ingredients in a unique way. Next, we discuss “human nature” and consider how our perception of it may be unfairly influenced by a small handful of people. Finally, we compare the three categories into which Rousseau believs all governments can be classified (democracy, monarchy, and aristocracy), and analyze the pros and cons of each structure. All this and more on the latest episode of Philosophize This!

Direct download: Episode_046_..._Rousseau_pt._2_-_Democracy_Aristocracy_or_Monarchy.mp3
Category:Philosophy -- posted at: 10:40pm PDT
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